Welcome to all
"I would encourage to implement the development projects in vocational training, promoting adult literacy rate, infrastructure projects, health care ect., at our rakhine state .Government has just two hands which can not cover everything ."Rakhine Student at Philippine
"We want to pursue free trade agreements outside the country . Stronger bilateral trade relations could help Uruguay expand education, improve health care, and generate jobs with adequate salaries.”Tabaré Vázquez ,Uruguay President , 2006 .
"Individually all the adults need to literate and catch international standard education. Improving education is developing our country , training our adults for Human Resource development like Singapore which is country doesn't have too many resources but have many talented adults ." Rakhine Lecture at Yangon University,who is representative for Myanmar at ASEAN youth meeting in 2008 at Thailand .
Tuesday, December 29, 2009
ေရာင္းခ်ေနေသာ သံုးႏွစ္ႏွင့္ ငါးႏွစ္ အစိုးရ ေငြတိုက္စာခ်ဳပ္မ်ားအားအျပင္ ႏွစ္ႏွစ္
သက္တမ္းရွိအစိုးရေငြတိုက္စာခ်ဳပ္မ်ားကို ၂၀၁၀ခုႏွစ္ ဇန္နဝါရီ ၁ရက္မွ စတင္၍
ျဖစ္ေစ လြတ္လပ္စြာဝယ္ယူႏို္င္သည္။ အစိုးရေငြတုိက္စာခ်ဳပ္ အမ်ိဳးအစားမ်ားႏွင့္
၁၀သန္းအတြက္အတိုးႏႈန္း ၁၀ဒသမ ၅ရာခိုင္ႏႈန္း၊သက္တမ္းသံုးႏွစ္တြင္ေငြက်ပ္
တစ္ေသာင္း၊ တစ္သိန္း၊ တစ္သန္း၊ ၁၀သန္းအတြက္အတိုးႏႈန္း ၁၁ဒသမ ၁၀ရာ
ခုိင္ႏႈန္းႏွင့္ သက္တမ္း ငါးႏွစ္တြင္ ေငြက်ပ္တစ္ေသာင္း၊တစ္သိန္း၊တစ္သန္း၊ ၁၀
တစ္ႀကိမ္ ထုတ္ေပးမည္ျဖစ္ၿပီး ႏွစ္စဥ္ မတ္ ၁၅ရက္ႏွင့္စက္တင္ဘာ ၁၅ရက္တို႔
တြင္ ထုတ္ယူႏိုင္သည္။ ထုိ႔အျပင္ စာခ်ဳပ္မ်ားကို လႊဲေျပာင္းေရာင္းခ်ခြင့္ရွိသည္။
အစိုးရ ေငြတိုက္ စာခ်ဳပ္မ်ားကို ေနျပည္ေတာ္၌ ျမန္မာ့ စီးပြားေရးဘဏ္(ရံုးခ်ဳပ္)
၌ ျမန္မာ့ေငြေခ်းသက္ေသခံလက္မွတ္မ်ား လဲလွယ္ေရာင္းဝယ္ေရးကုမၸဏီလီမိ
ခြဲ (၁) ၊ (၂) ၊ (၃) ၊ (၄) တို႔တြင္ လည္းေကာင္း၊မႏၲေလးၿမိဳ႕၌ ျမန္မာ့စီးပြားေရး
ဘဏ္ ဘဏ္ခြဲ(၁)၊(၂)၊(၃)တုိ႔တြင္လည္းေကာင္း တိုက္ရိုက္ဝယ္ယူႏိုင
Saturday, December 19, 2009
"I listen to your program and print any article from your Internet Web site every night."
Each Special English broadcast is 30 minutes long. Most begin with world news, followed by a short report, then a 15 minute feature ,including
Issues that affect people in developing countries
News about farming and food production
The latest research about diseases and medical advice
New developments in American education
Traditions, ideas and life in the United States
Reports about the latest scientific discoveries and medical news
Reports about outer space and the world around us
A series about the history of the United States
News about business and finance in the U.S. and around the world
In-depth reports about a person or event in the news
Features about American idioms and expressions
A magazine show about popular culture and music
Adaptations of short stories, children's books and original stories.
Biographies of influential Americans in history, politics, science, business, sports & entertainment
Internet users can also listen to programs on the Special English Web site while reading the text. And they can receive scripts of features by e-mail. In countries around the world, many English teachers require their students to listen to Special English.
Thursday, November 26, 2009
So look at the world wide , not a scope at the nearby countries at one continents , surely look at the world wide and make more meetings by inviting them inside country.Get more government Cross Trainings or Teaching programs by inviting officials from the first leading or developed countries ,government by government .
And aslo ,not only being the International Education Fairs at capital cities, but also can do same ideas at the other states or provinces at the same time by showing interests to educations , profits or markets needs form that regions.
Wednesday, November 25, 2009
MMES မွ ဤကဲ့သို႔ တကၠသိုလ္၊ ေကာလိပ္မ်ားႏွင့္ ဆက္သြယ္ေဆာင္ရြက္ေပးျခင္း၊ တုိင္ပင္ေဆြးေႏြးျခင္းႏွင့္ အၾကံဥာဏ္ေပးျခင္း အစရွိေသာ ၀န္ေဆာင္မႈမ်ားႏွင့္ ပတ္သက္၍ ေက်ာင္းသားႏွင့္ မိဘမ်ားအေပၚ မည္သည့္၀န္ေဆာင္ခမွ် ေကာက္ခံျခင္းမရွိပဲ အခမဲ့ကူညီ ေဆာင္ရြက္ေပးလွ်က္ရွိပါသည္။
No. 26B, 2nd Floor, SS3/33, 47300
Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia
No. 908/1010 Myaing Hay Wun, Tower B,
Junction 8, Kyaik Wyne Pagoda Road,
Mayangone Township, Yangon, Myanmar
Tel : 95-1-650979,4412870
KMD Computer Centre Oversea Studies Counseling Service သည္ 1.
Sunday, November 15, 2009
Guinea locate at coastal region in W Africa,and also called French Guinea which is an independent republic in W Africa, on the Atlantic coast. 96,900 sq. mile (251,000 sq. km). Capital: Conakry.
USAID-Guinea financed the participation of primary, secondary, and professional schools in the GLOBE (Global Learning and Observation to Benefit the Environment) programme by donating one laptop to each of the schools for the students and teachers to collect data. Activities covered atmospheric research, soil, earth, biological, and geological data and information gathering using scientific instruments provided by GLOBE.
Find out more about this article at
University Libraries in Croatia
Friday, November 6, 2009
Wednesday, October 28, 2009
The club membership is free of charge for all library members over 16.
Club meeting will be held twice a month. They will be on Friday from 5:30 to 7:00 pm.
We expect you to have at least Intermediate level of English since the discussions will be done in English.
You are encouraged to come regularly to the discussions. If you cannot come, please contact the co-ordinator in advance.
List of recommended books for the month will be posted on our website and they can be collected from the co-ordinator before day of discussion. Synopsis of the books and authors’ biographies can also be found on our website www.britishcouncil.org/burma
You are also welcome to choose the book you want to talk about so you should not restrict yourself to the books on our list.
To join the club, contact the co-ordinator:
Yamin Nyi Nyi (email – firstname.lastname@example.org)
Telephone: 256290, 256291 ext 3316
Sunday, October 4, 2009
Thursday, October 1, 2009
Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Young journalists and students from around the world are invited to attend a foreign correspondent training in Prague from January 3 to 11, 2010. The early bird deadline is October 9.
Participants will receive a practical introduction to international reporting from experienced foreign correspondents from major news outlets including the BBC, the New York Times and the Associated Press. By the end of the course, participants will have written their own stories.
The reduced 'early bird' fee for applications received by October 9 is €955 (US$1,395). The full fee for later applications is €1,075 (US$1,595). Scholarships are available for participants from Central Asia and Eastern Europe.
The program is organized by Transitions Online.
Political parties should start more taking caring about the upgrading into international education system and encourage young students to many assistances for oversea studies after finished that kind of courses . Not need to worry about sanction against Myanmar's economic or political problems or ethnic groups problems ,no need to worry to about changing policies by government but we need to welcome that groups to support only education , health care , social aids because that INGOs or UN organizations can change the government policies .
So duplicate & upgrade more education centers and Keep asking UN or INGOs to support our three developments projects - education , health care , social aids and electricity projects basically.
Tuesday, September 8, 2009
Since pre school ,help your child to explore the world- to see, hear, smell and handle things. Playtime with other children can give your child a chance to develop their social talents.Notice casually what they enjoy to do. If your youngster just loves to move whenever they hear music, they may have a musical bent, or perhaps it is dance. If they are fascinated by insects in the grass or the birds outside the window, you may be nurturing the next great scientific genius!
In grade K- 3rd ,the children may have noticed talents in others. By pointing out specific skills in people they may know their heroes .Children will begin to want to actively exercise their gifts at this age. This makes it a good time to start music lessons, learn a language, learn to play a sport.Helping our children explore the world in order to discover their talents and learn to use them is perhaps the greatest job we have as parents.
In grade 4 th - 6 th ,going to the library, attending sporting events, volunteering to help out in the community play your child wants to be in are not expensive, and will serve to support and expand your child’s talents.If your child does not seem to show interest in any specific thing, you may want to try some sort of community service like animal shelters, food pantries and community cleanup groups always need help. You might be surprised to see your child blossom when given the chance to truly help others.
If you feel that you may have a child who has special needs in order to reach their potential, check out the many websites offering resources for parents .Remember that every gift has value. We should never impose our own wishes on our children. They must develop according to their own talents .
Friday, September 4, 2009
ေမာ္ေတာ္ကား အာမခံႏွင့္ ပတ္သက္၍ ေစ့ေစ့စပ္စပ္ ေလ့လာၾကည့္ျခင္းသည္ သင့္အတြက္ အကူအညီ ျဖစ္ေစမည္ျဖစ္သည္။ေမာ္ေတာ္ယာဥ္ မေတာ္တဆ ျဖစ္မႈေၾကာင့္ ရရွိသည့္ ဒဏ္ရာအနာတရ အတြက္ ထားရွိသည့္ အာမခံကိစၥတြင္ သင့္အတြက္ မည္သည့္ အက်ဳိးေက်းဇူးမ်ား ရရွိခံစားႏိုင္သည္ ဆိုသည့္ အခ်က္သည္လည္း သင္သိထားသင့္သည့္ အခ်က္မ်ား ျဖစ္သည္။ စံုစံုလင္လင္၊ ျပည့္ျပည့္စံုစံု၊ အခ်က္အလက္မ်ား ပါဝင္ေသာ ေပၚလစီထားရွိျခင္းျဖင့္ သင္သည္ သင္၏ေငြေၾကးကို ၿခိဳးၿခံေခြၽတာရာ ေရာက္သည္။ ယင္းသို႔ ျပည့္စံုေသာ ေပၚလစီထားရွိျခင္းျဖင့္ သင့္ေမာ္ေတာ္ကားတြင္ ျဖစ္ေပၚေသာ ပ်က္စီးဆံုး႐ံႈးမႈမ်ား အတြက္ ျပင္ဆင္စရိတ္ ရရွိႏိုင္ေပမည္။တရား႐ံုး၌ တရားတေပါင္ ျဖစ္ပြားလွ်င္ သင္စုေဆာင္းထားရွိသည့္ ေငြအားလံုး ကုန္ဆံုးသြားႏိုင္သည္။ ထို႔ေၾကာင့္ ျပည့္စံုလံုေလာက္ေသာ အာမခံေပၚလစီ ထားရွိရန္ လိုအပ္မည္ ျဖစ္သည္။ သင္သည္ တရားစြဲဆိုခံရျခင္းေၾကာင့္ သင္၏ေငြေၾကးမ်ား ပ်က္စီးဆံုး႐ံႈးမႈ မျဖစ္ေပၚေစရန္ အေကာင္းဆံုးေသာ နည္းလမ္းတစ္ရပ္မွာ အလံုးစံုၿခံဳငံုမိေသာ အာမခံ ေပၚလစီ ဝယ္ယူထားရွိရန္ ျဖစ္သည္။ ဤအာမခံေပၚလစီသည္ စရိတ္စက နည္းၿပီး သင္၏ ေမာ္ေတာ္ကားႏွင့္ ေနအိမ္တို႔အတြက္ ေပးေလ်ာ္ရန္ တာဝန္ကို ပဓာနက်က် အေထာက္အကူ ျပဳသည္။
သင္၏အိမ္ႏွင့္ အိမ္တြင္းရွိ ပစၥည္းမ်ားအတြက္ အာမခံထားရွိသည့္ အခါ သင္၏ အာမခံေပၚလစီ၌ ေဖာ္ျပေသာ တန္ဖိုးသည္ သင္ျပန္ေလ်ာ္သည့္ အစားထိုး ေဆာက္လုပ္သည့္အခါ ကုန္က်မည့္တန္ဖိုးကို ကာမိႏိုင္ပါသလား။ သင္၏ အာမခံ ကိုယ္စားလွယ္အား အိမ္တန္ဖိုး ျပန္လည္ တြက္ခ်က္ခိုင္းပါ။ ထို႔ေနာက္သင္၏ အာမခံေပၚလစီသည္ ျပည့္စံုမႈရွိ၊မရွိ စီစစ္ပါ။ သင္၏ အာမခံေပၚလစီသည္ သင္တန္ဖိုးထားေသာ ပစၥည္းမ်ားအတြက္ အက်ံဳးဝင္ပါသလား။ ပစၥည္းမ်ားအတြက္ သင္အက်ဳံးဝင္ေစလိုပါသလား။
ကြၽမ္းက်င္ နားလည္ေသာ ပညာရွင္တစ္ဦး၏ အကူအညီရယူရန္ သင္၏ အာမခံ အစီအစဥ္မ်ားကို ေက်ညက္ေအာင္ ျပန္လည္ သံုးသပ္ပါ။ ၄င္းသည္ သင္၏ ေမာ္ေတာ္ကား၊ ေနအိမ္၊ အသက္၊ က်န္းမာေရးႏွင့္ မသန္မစြမ္းျဖစ္မႈ အာမခံမ်ားႏွင့္ ပတ္သက္၍ သင္ဆံုးျဖတ္ခ်က္ ခ်မွတ္ႏုိင္ေအာင္ အကူအညီေပးႏိုင္မည္ ျဖစ္သည္။ သင္တို႔ ဇနီးေမာင္ႏွံ ႏွစ္ဦးစလံုး အာမခံေပၚလစီစာခ်ဳပ္ပါ ေဖာ္ျပ အက်ံဳးဝင္ခ်က္အားလံုးကို သိရွိထားရန္မွာ လြန္စြာ အေရးႀကီးသည္။ပႆနာတစ္ရပ္ ေပၚေပါက္ခဲ့ေသာ္ သို႔မဟုတ္ ေငြေတာင္းခံမႈ ျပဳလုပ္ရန္ ေပၚေပါက္ခဲ့ေသာ္ မည္သူႏွင့္ ဆက္သြယ္ရမည္ ဆိုေသာ အခ်က္ကိုလည္း သိရွိထားရန္ လိုသည္။
Fifty Things To Do WhenYou Turn Fifty
အိမ္၊ ေရႊ၊ ကား၊ ေငြေၾကးေစ်းအက် ရင္းႏွီးျမႇဳပ္ႏွံမႈက်ားကြက္အသစ္ ဘယ္ကိုေရႊ႕မလဲလက္ရွိျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၏ ရင္းႏွီးျမႇဳပ္ႏွံေစ်းကြက္မ်ားဟု ဆိုႏုိင္သည့္ ကားေစ်းကြက္၊ ေရႊေစ်းကြက္၊ အိမ္ၿခံေျမႏွင့္ ေငြေၾကးေစ်းကြက္မ်ားတြင္ ေစ်းမ်ားက်ဆင္း္ ရာ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံမွ လုပ္ငန္းရွင္ႀကီးမ်ားအတြင္း ၌လည္း ပဲေစ်းကြက္အပ်က္တြင္ ေရႊေစ်းကြက္ဘက္ သိသိသာ သာလွည့္သြားျခင္းမ်ဳိး၊ ေလလံကားေစ်းကြက္မ်ားဘက္ လွည့္ သြားျခင္းမ်ဳိးအျပင္ ေစ်းက်ေနေသာ္လည္း မရွိမျဖစ္အသံုး၀င္ ႏိုင္မည့္ ကုန္ပစၥည္းမ်ားကို က်ေစ်းျဖင့္ ဖမ္းထိန္းယူထားျခင္း မ်ဳိးရွိရာတြင္ ယင္းကဲ့သို႔ေသာ ရင္းႏွီးျမႇဳပ္ႏွံမႈသည္ ေပၚပင္လုိက္ ၍ ရင္းႏွီးျမႇဳပ္ႏွံျခင္းျဖစ္ရာ ပံုမွန္အားျဖင့္ ေရရွည္အက်ဳိးစီးပြား ကို ေမွ်ာ္၍ရင္းႏွီးျမႇဳပ္ႏွံမည္ဆိုပါက SME အေသးစားႏွင့္ အလတ္စားစီးပြားေရးလုပ္ငန္းမ်ားႏွင့္ စိုက္ပ်ဳိးေရးလုပ္ငန္းမ်ား ဘက္၌ ေရရွည္အက်ဳိးၾကည့္၍ ရင္းႏွီးျမႇဳပ္ႏွံမႈအသစ္မ်ား ျပဳ လုပ္သင့္ေၾကာင္း စီးပြားေရးပညာရွင္မ်ားက ေထာက္ျပေျပာဆို လ်က္ရွိသည္။
Thursday, September 3, 2009
Thursday, July 2, 2009
Thursday, June 18, 2009
Friday, June 12, 2009
Tuesday, June 9, 2009
Whether you are working alone or in a group, contribute your ideas and comments on the subject you are studying, and read the comments from your classmates. Your instructor is not the only source of information.
3. Take the program and yourself seriously.
Obtain the support of your colleagues, family and friends before you start out on your online adventure.
4. Make sure you have a private space where you can study.
It is important to have a quiet space where you can shut the door and work in peace.
5. Become a true advocate of distance learning.
Discuss the merits of the process with whoever will listen.
6. Log on to your course every single day.
Once you get into the online conferencing system, you will be eager to see who has commented on your postings and read the feedback of your instructor and peers.
7. Take advantage of your anonymity.
Unless you are using video conferencing, no one can see you. You don’t have to feel worried by students who can speak faster than you .
8. Be polite and respectful.
9. Identify if you are having problems.
If you are having technical difficulties, or problems in understanding something about the course, you MUST identify these otherwise there is no way that your facilitator will know. Also, if you don’t understand one of the concepts, you will help each other by commenting .
10. Apply what you learn.
Practice and apply everything you learn as soon as possible after you learn as this will help you to remember it more readily. Also, try to make connections between what you are learning in your job. Contributing advice or ideas about the real world .
Friday, March 20, 2009
In the American Center , library stocked with the latest books on social science, health science, business, international relations, religion, U.S. government and politics, English language and how to study in the USA.
Download English Classes in American Center Yangon
Download Fulbright Scholarship
Tuesday, March 17, 2009
Formulate your ideas better
Write better papers, emails and business letters
Speak more precisely and persuasively
Comprehend more of what you read
Read faster because you comprehend better
Get better grades in high school, college and graduate school
Score higher on tests like the SAT, GRE, LSAT and GMAT
Perform better at job interviews and conferences
Sell yourself, your services, and your products better
Be more effective and successful at your job
After you have done FreeRice for a while, you may notice an odd phenomenon. Words that you have never consciously used before will begin to pop into your head while you are speaking or writing.You will feel yourself using and knowing more words.
Visit www.freerice.com .
Wednesday, March 4, 2009
Pre-school education Governed by the the Pre-school Act, No. 78/ 1994.
Compulsory education Governed by the the Compulsory School Act, No. 66/1995. Upper secondary education (framhaldsskóli) Governed by the Upper Secondary School Act, No. 80/1996.
Iceland Education PDF
Monday, March 2, 2009
At Pre school,children can develop their mental, physical, emotional, and social skills in their teams. "learning should not just be about languages, mathematics and science.Parents should also encourage their children to take part in music, sports or arts so they are encouraged to learn many different things and develop an active mind,” Ms Yumi Hasegawa, managing director of Do-Re-Mi Family Club , said.
Summer Camp or Summer School is a supervised program for children and/or teenagers conducted (usually) during the summer months in some countries. Children and adolescents who attend summer camp are known as campers. Summer camp include hiking, canoeing, campfires and specialized activities such as the performing arts, rock music, magic, computers, language learning, children with special needs, and weight loss.
Monestry education provide the reading, writing , arithmetic ,ethics and the Buddhist way of life.They provide free tuition, meal and board for all students. They spend an average of K1,000 a day to provide the three meals for each student. Each teacher is paid K23,000 monthly.Their school could only open classes from kindergarten to the eighth grade but wished to open classes for the ninth grade and matriculation when they could provide the facilities.They use the same system of grades, curricula and examinations as state schools. Teachers, who are young volunteers or retired civil servants from the education sector, are appointed on a salary basis.
The approximate cost for one year of education in a state school is only about K10,000.Extra small contribution is generally spent on the development of the state school .Many parents now also send their children to extra tuition classes ,costing from K3,000 to K30,000 a month.
International schools, Singapore-modelled curriculum ,in Myanmar are expensive for most Myanmar parents K70,000 a month.From grade one to grade four,the subjects are Myanmar, English, mathematics and social studies. In grade five, the subjects are the basic concepts of geography and history . From grade six, the subjects are Myanmar, English, mathematics, Geography, History and Science, life skills, which teaches a mixture of vocational skills, health education and traffic laws.Up to grade eight,they take a test only at the end of every month but do not sit examinations. Grade nine, 10 and 11 (matriculation level) have to pass both the monthly tests and a final examination.
Yangon-based, privately-owned Myanmar Human Resources (MHR) training centre, provide the skills of those who are not able to learn these managerial subjects at Yangon Institute of Economics, which inculding financial management, HR management and marketing.
Wednesday, February 25, 2009
Rakhine Territory was governed by kingdom system and also Scotland is like Rakhine State . Scotland got involve under the United Kingdom aggrement in last histy like Rakhine state under Union of Myanmar. They had separately owned governments , laws ,not like England. We need to get self-government system.I appreciate the old name of country like Unoin States of Myanmar, not Union of Myanmar, which is the slightly different meaning but big differences among national races.
Our Rakhine language need to teach officially our generation at the state education curriclums .
Our people need more language fluency in English , other languages and need to contact to other countries and International organizatons through Internet.Our Rakhine State Official Language should be English language .
There are also famous Scotland football players and teams ,even though they are under UK . So our state need more state players which is look like the soldiers of our country because being state players can famous our state and that players can compete with other countries players or other state players . If no competitors for our state , there will not be any success ,any development and our people never proud among others .Not only in sport competions , but also we need to compete others at all the sectors .If our people can't decide and rule our policies of state , our people will left behind .
There are too many sport competitions in South Asia ,Europe,Middle East Regions weekly and also in schools . Their people are getting famous and getting brighter in the future among other countries. There are sports NGOs and sport institutes in Africa Continent.Sports is significantly advantage for us . So we surely need more different kind of local NGOs and invite more INGOs of different sectors into our state .
Tuesday, February 24, 2009
1#Has space or territory that has internationally recognized boundaries (boundary disputes are OK). Yes, Scotland does have internationally recognized boundaries. Scotland is 78,133 square kilometers in area.
2# Has people who live there on an ongoing basis. Yes, according to the 2001 census, Scotland's population is 5,062,011.
3# Has economic activity and an organized economy. A country regulates foreign and domestic trade and issues money. Somewhat. Scotland certainly has economic activity and an organized economy; Scotland even has its own GDP (over 62 billion pounds as of 1998). However, Scotland does not regulate foreign or domestic trade, the Scottish Parliament is not authorized to do so.
Under the terms of the Scotland Act 1998, the Scottish Parliament is able to pass laws on a range of issues known as "devolved issues." The United Kingdom Parliament is able to act on "reserved issues." Reserved issues include a variety of economic issues: fiscal, economic and monetary system; energy; common markets; and trade and industry. The Bank of Scotland does issue money but it prints the British pound on behalf of the central government.
4# Has the power of social engineering, such as education.
Somewhat. The Scottish Parliament is able to control education, training, and social work (but not social security). However, this power was granted to Scotland by the UK Parliament.
5# Has a transportation system for moving goods and people.
Somewhat. Scotland itself has a transportation system but the system is not fully under Scottish control. The Scottish Parliament controls some aspects of transportation, including the Scottish road network, bus policy and ports and harbors while the UK Parliament controls railways, transport safety and regulation. Again, Scotland's power was granted by the UK Parliament.
6# Has a government that provides public services and police power.
Somewhat. The Scottish Parliament has the ability to control law and home affairs (including most aspects of criminal and civil law, the prosecution system and the courts) as well as the police and fire services. The UK Parliament controls defense and national security across the United Kingdom. Again, Scotland's power was granted to Scotland by the UK Parliament.
7# Has sovereignty. No other State should have power over the country's territory.
No. The United Kingdom Parliament definitely has power over Scotland's territory.
8# Has external recognition. A country has been "voted into the club" by other countries.
No. Scotland does not have external recognition nor does Scotland have its own embassies in other independent countries.
Thus, as you can plainly see, Scotland (nor Wales, nor Northern Ireland, nor England itself) is not an independent country nor is it a State. However, Scotland is most certainly a nation of people living in an internal division of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
The Kingdom of Scotland was an independent state until 1 May 1707 when it joined in a political union with the Kingdom of England to create a united Kingdom of Great Britain. This union was the result of the Treaty of Union agreed in 1706 and put into effect by the Acts of Union that were passed by the Parliaments of both countries despite widespread protest across Scotland. Scotland's legal system continues to be separate from those of England, Wales, and Northern Ireland and Scotland still constitutes a distinct jurisdiction in public and in private law. The continued independence of Scots law, the Scottish education system, and the Church of Scotland have all contributed to the continuation of Scottish culture and Scottish national identity since the Union. Although Scotland is no longer a separate sovereign state, the constitutional future of Scotland continues to give rise to debate.
Friday, February 20, 2009
Constructed 6th century
Use Pilgrim, and missionary of Buddhism
Height Antenna/Spire 112.17 metres (368 ft)
Roof 105 metres (344 ft)
Architect King Okkalapa
According to legend, the Shwedagon Pagoda is 2500 years old. Archaeologists believe the stupa was actually built sometime between the 6th and 10th centuries by the Mon, but this is a very controversial issue because according to the records by Buddhist monks it was built before Lord Buddha died in 486 BC. The story of Shwedagon Pagoda begins with two merchant brothers, Taphussa and Bhallika, from the land of Ramanya, meeting the Lord Gautama Buddha and receiving eight of the Buddha's hairs to be enshrined in Burma. The two brothers made their way to Burma and with the help of the local king, King Okkalapa, found Singuttara Hill.
The stupa fell into disrepair until the 1300s when the Mon king Binnya U of Bago had the stupa rebuilt to a height of 18 meters (60 ft). The Mon kingdom possessed two great pagodas of especial sanctity, the Shwemawdaw at Bago and the Shwedagon.
Originally only twenty-seven feet high, it was raised to a height of sixty-six feet in 1362 by King Binnya U as an act of special piety. Dhammazedi's immediate predecessor, his mother-in-law Queen Shinsawbu (1453-72), raised its height to 40 meters (129 ft). In 1472 she yielded up the throne to Dhammazedi, she retired to Dagon.
The worst damage came from a 1768 earthquake that brought down the top of the stupa and it was raised to its current state by King Hsinbyushin (lit. Lord of the White Elephant) of Konbaung Dynasty. A new hti or crown was donated by King Mindon Min in 1871 after the annexation of Lower Burma by the British.
The worst damage came from a 1768 earthquake that brought down the top of the stupa and it was raised to its current state by King Hsinbyushin (lit. Lord of the White Elephant) of Konbaung Dynasty. A new hti or crown was donated by King Mindon Min in 1871 after the annexation of Lower Burma by the British.
Wars and Invasions
In 1608 the Portuguese adventurer Philip de Brito e Nicote, known as Nga Zinka to the Burmese, plundered the Shwedagon and took the 30-ton bell donated in 1485 by King Dhammazedi who succeeded Shin Sawbu. De Brito's intention was to melt the bell down to make cannons, but when he carried it across the Bago River it dropped into the river never to be recovered.
Thursday, February 19, 2009
The meaning of life is deeply mixed with the philosophical and religious conceptions of existence, consciousness, and happiness, and touches on many other issues, such as symbolic meaning, ontology, value, purpose, ethics, good and evil, free will, conceptions of God, the existence of God, the soul and the afterlife. Scientific contributions are more indirect; by describing the empirical facts about the universe, science provides some context and sets parameters for conversations on related topics. An alternative, human-centric, and not a cosmic/religious approach is the question "What is the meaning of my life?" The value of the question pertaining to the purpose of life may be considered to be coincidal with the achievement of ultimate reality, if that is believed by one to exist.
Wednesday, February 18, 2009
Buddhism teaches non-harm and moderation or balance, not going too far one way or the other. Buddhists often meditate, or think deeply, while sitting in a special way. They often chant and meditate while walking. Buddhists sometimes do these things to understand the human heart and mind. Sometimes they do these things to understand the way the world works. Sometimes they do these things to find peace.
Buddha Statue: A Symbol of a Religious Founder
The Buddha Statue is a symbol of Buddhism's ancient founder, Siddhartha Gautama, a prince from northern India. He lived from about 563 to 483 BC. Buddhism originated as a form of atheism. They abandoned the idea of a personal God (Ishvara) who controlled the eternal fate of souls. Gautama denied the ancient theistic beliefs, because he found it challenging to bring together the idea of suffering and evil with the existence of a righteous God.
Buddha Statue: A Symbol of the Enlightened One
The Buddha Statue signifies the "Enlightened One," the basic idol of Buddhism. Buddhism conveys the philosophy of self-perfection - its essentials are contained in the Four Noble Truths and the Noble Eightfold Path. Buddhism adheres to various "scriptures." Buddhists hold the Pali Canon to be the oldest and most authoritative "scripture." The Four Noble Truths affirm that (i) life is full of suffering (dukkha); (ii) suffering is caused by craving (samudaya); (iii) suffering will cease only when craving ceases (nirodha); and (iv) this can be achieved by following the Noble Eightfold Path. Generally, the Path consists of right views, right aspiration, right speech, right conduct, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, and right contemplation. Other Buddhist philosophies include the belief that nothing in life is permanent (anicca), that individual selves do not truly exist (anatta), that all is determined by an impersonal law of moral causation (karma), that reincarnation is an endless cycle of continuous suffering, and that the goal of life is to break out of this cycle by finally extinguishing the flame of life and entering a permanent state of pure nonexistence (nirvana).
Buddha Statue: A Symbol of a Belief System
The Buddha Statue represents a belief system that has evolved into three main philosophies:
Mahayana (the "Greater Vehicle") represents approximately 56% of the total Buddist population and is prominent in China, Japan and Korea. Over the years, Mahayana has opened itself to many different Asian beliefs and now treats Buddha as a god.
Theravada (the "Doctrine of the Elders") represents approximately 38% of the total Buddist population. Theravada is the closest to the original atheistic philosophy, and is principally followed in Vietnam, Thailand, Cambodia (Kampuchea), Sri Lanka (Ceylon) and Myanmar (Burma).
Vajrayana (also known as Lamaism or Tantrism) represents the remaining 6% of Buddists and is primarily found in Tibet, Nepal and Mongolia. Vajrayana has added disturbing portions of shamanism and the occult. Currently, there are approximately 613 million Buddists worldwide, with approximately 1.5 million living in the United States. Buddhism has been growing in the U.S. due to surges in Asian immigration, endorsement by celebrities in music and movies, and its close ties to the New Age Movement.
Monday, February 16, 2009
But the Hindus of Vesali were unable to restore their dynasty because of the invasion and migrations of Tibeto-Burman who were so great that their population overshadowed the Vesali Hindus. They cut Arakan away from Indians and mixing in sufficient number with the inhabitants of the eastern-side of the present Indo-Burma divide, created that Indo-Mongoloid stock now known as the Rakhine Arakanese.
This emergence of a new race was not the work of a single invasion. But the date 957 AD may be said to mark the appearance of the Rakhine in Arakan, and the beginning of fresh period.? They were a wild people much given to plunder, violence, cruelty, kidnapping, enslavement and sea piracy, and came to be known as the Maghs of the Arakan. History researcher Alamgir Serajuddin writes, ?Their cruelty, comparable only to that of bargi marauders of later days, was a byword in Bengal. Shihabuddin Talish thus described it: “They carried off the Hindus and Muslims, male and female, great and small, few and many that they could seize, pierced the palms of their hands, passed thin canes through the holes and threw them one above another under the deck of their ships.?
After the Portuguese established their settlements in Chittagong, Sandwip and Arakan during the Mughal rule of India, the Rakhine Maghs entered into a scheme of plundering Mughal territory in Bengal by making an alliance with the Portuguese pirates. So the Magh-Portuguese piracy was a menace to the peace of Bengal until 1666, when the Mughals, under the governorship of Shaista Khan (1664-1688) conquered Chittagong from the Arakanese control. That year (1666) marked the decline of the Arakanese Empire. [The Arakanese (Rakhine) Maghs left Chittagong, never to reoccupy it, which became a part of Bengal (and now Bangladesh). However, plundering by the Magh-Portuguese pirates continued throughout the 18th century.
Historian G.E. Harvey writes, ?Renell?s map of Bengal, published in 1794 AD marks the area south of Backergunge ?deserted on account of the ravages of the Muggs (Arakanese)??. The Arakan pirates, both Magh and feringhi, used to come by the water-route and plunder Bengal?. Mohammedans underwent such oppression, as they had not to suffer in Europe. As they continually practiced raids for a long time, Bengal daily became more and more desolate and less and less able to resist them. Not a house was left inhabited on their side of the rivers lying on their track from Chittagong to Dacca. The district of Bakla [Backergunge and part of Dacca], which formerly abounded in houses and cultivated fields and yield a large revenue as duty on betel-nuts, was swept so clean with their broom of plunder and abduction that none was left to tenant any house or kindle a light in that region. ?? When Shayista Khan asked the feringhi deserters, what salary the Magh king had assigned to them, they replied, ?Our salary was the Mughal Empire. We considered the whole of Bengal as our fief. We had not to bother revenue surveyors and ourselves about court clerks but levied our rent all the year round without difficulty. We have kept the papers of the division of the booty for the last forty years.??
Because of their centuries of savagery, the Maghs of Arakan earned such a bad name that they started calling themselves the Rakhines.
The Rakhines practice Buddhism and their spoken language is pure Burmese with slight phonetic variation.
Saturday, February 7, 2009
One of the world’s leading specialists on Rakhine history, Dr Leider said that geography and international pressures created a unique kingdom in Rakhine for much of the last millennium. He urged anyone interested in Rakhine history should visit Mrauk-U, the site of one of the former kingdom’s major cities.
Saturday, January 17, 2009
The way to learn a language is to read literature, newspapers (not the Sun!), lsiten to the radio and the most precious source of all the native speaker ! And spend time in the country.
There are four reasons that it can be hard to understand non-native English speakers whose grammar is good but whose intelligibility is poor:
1. Vowels and consonants are inaccurately pronounced, substituted or entirely omitted.
2. Inappropriate stress is placed on syllables in words.
3. The rhythm and melody of speech (intonation) doesn't match American English intonation patterns.
4. The rate of speech is too fast. A fast rate of speech compromises our understanding no matter who speaks fast.
When we don't understand the speaker because of a heavy foreign accent, we must take the time to understand and offer compassion. The longer we are in a conversation with someone who is difficult to understand the more we begin to tune out and shut down.
1. If needed, ask the speaker to clarify anything you don't understand.
2. Restate what you heard the speaker say.
3. Model good clear speech and proper grammar.
4. Ask him/her to slow down or use different words to convey the meaning when the message isn't getting across.
Choosing materials that are fun, easily accessible and easy to use so that your interest and desire to become better understood continue.
1. Lack of time to practice the lessons.
2. Boring study materials.
3. Insufficient feedback about progress.
More than ten million Japanese visit foreign countries each year, and more than one third visit English-speaking countries. Probably more than half of these people go abroad as part of a tour, and they do not speak English during the visit.
Nowadays many college graduates who work for large corporations will have opportunities to visit foreign countries on business or work in foreign countries.
More Japanese attend international conferences and need to present papers and participate in discussions. Most international conferences are held in English. Many researchers in universities and companies attend international conferences to present the results of their research.
Sunday, January 4, 2009
Saw Nwe Nwe Oo
RWU Joint Secretary
Phone : +5104360541
Saw Aye Thazin Way
Saw Me Me Khaing
RWU General Headquarters
34A, Pallabi, Mirpur 12
Phone: +880 2 9013435
Mobile: + 880 1819426153
Rakine Wpmen's Union Central Committee
Women Leadership program http://www.rakhaingwomenunion.org/wom_lead_train.html
Women Education Program http://www.rakhaingwomenunion.org/wom_edu_pro.html
Relif Program http://www.rakhaingwomenunion.org/rwu_relif_pro.html
Child Education Support